Family: Malvaceae (mallow family) Life cycle: Annual. Velvetleaf is a tap-rooted annual reaching 3 to 8 feet tall and is covered in soft hairs. Velvetleaf Abutilon theophrasti. Some insects feed destructively on Velvet Leaf. recently disturbed and the long dormant seeds are brought close to the Abutilon theophrasti (Velvetleaf, China Jute, Buttonweed, Butterprint, Pie-marker or Indian Mallow) is an annual plant in the family Malvaceae, native to southern Asia. [ABUTH] Prepared by Andy Heggenstaller (2.18.04) General Description Common names: velvetleaf, velvetweed, elephant ear, Indian hemp, Indian mallow, butterprint, pie-marker, buttonweed, American jute, cotton-weed, wild cotton Family: Malvaceae Life history type: Summer annual forb Mating system type: Sexually monomorphic, hermaphroditic Yellow flowers are followed by persistent, crown-shaped seed pods. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/velvetleaf. Very terse details of medicinal uses of plants with a wide range of references and details of research into the plants chemistry. The alternate leaves are … Top of page Abutilon theophrasti is an annual herb, reproducing only by seed. (Barnes, 1999). General description: Reaches heights of 5‐6 ft in soybean, in corn can be as tall as the corn. The seeds can remain viable in the soil for at least Location: They are Hillsborough Co.: Pproperty of the county recreation complex on the S side of South Mobley Road, just E of Race Track Road, ca. (Robertson, 1929). Abutilon theophrasti Medik. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. easy to identify in the field because there is really nothing else that (2007), Lundgren & Read "Model of crop:weed competition applied to maize: Abutilon theophrasti interactions. Seed Beetle), Liorhyssus 28. After germination, a slender taproot elongates into soil with many smaller branches. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Abutilon theophrasti Medik. The alternate leaves are up to 8" long and across (excluding the petioles). belonging to Malvaceae (Mallow family). It blooms from April to September. Abutilon theophrasti Medic. about 10-15 flattened seedpods. have been introduced from abroad, but they are much smaller plants. There are a limited number of herbicides applied POST in popcorn compared with field corn, necessitating the evaluation of POST herbicides for control of velvetleaf. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... …States, where it is called velvetleaf or Indian mallow.…. Latin name: Abutilon theophrasti Synonyms: Abutilon avicennae, Sida abutilon Family: Malvaceae (Mallow Family) Medicinal use of China Jute: Ophthalmic. The fertility of the Provided by: [ E ]. Many PRE herbicides in popcorn have limited residual activity or provide partial velvetleaf control. The plant is cultivated in northern China for its fibre and is widely naturalized in warmer regions of North America, where it is often a serious agricultural weed. Updates? Leaves with lamina circular-cordate, acuminate, 2–10 cm long, to 30 c. in moist sites. This It grows 0.6–2.4 metres (2–8 feet) tall and has heart-shaped downy leaves. soil, particularly the level of nitrogen, has a strong influence on the matures very quickly during the heat of summer, prior to the fall fertile soil consisting of loam or clay-loam. It is a particular problem in corn and soybean files in the eastern and midwestern U.S., costing hundreds of millions of dollars per year in control and damage. Contents 1 Description Velvetleaf (A - plant beginning to flower; B - flower and green seedpods). It bears five-petaled yellow flowers and beaked seedpods. Calyx c. 10 mm long, divided almost to the base, the wide lobes exceeding the tube. Further, there was a steady decline in PY in seeds of this species stored dry at 4°C ... Life Cycle and Description. are terete (circular in cross-section), and pubescent. Provided by: [ E ]. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. spp. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. Velvetleaf is also on the Washington quarantine list (known as the prohibited plants list) and it is prohibited to transport, buy, sell, offer for sale, or to distribute plants or plant parts, seeds in packets, blends or \"wildflower mixes\" of this species, into or within the state of Washington.For more information on noxious weed regulations and definitions, see Noxious weed lists and laws. (heart-shaped). W of Citrus Park. APNI* Description: Stout erect annual to 1 m high, with stiff stellate hairs. hyalinus (Hyaline Grass Bug), Niesthrea louisianica (Louisiana Photos and Pictures . Abutilon theophrasti Medikus 1787; Sida abutilon Linnaeus 1753. Velvetleaf, Abutilon theophrasti, is a common weed in agricultural fields, but also occurs in gardens and in disturbed sites, such as along roadsides and beside railroad tracks, throughout much of the U.S., and parts of Wisconsin. in Netherlands, without data, Herb. Photographic Fruit broadly cylindric, umbilicate, villous to densely pubescent, the mericarps about 15, 12-15 mm long (awns excluded), long-aristate at the apex, the awns widely spreading and ca 3-5 mm long, rounded at the base, rigid-chartaceous, 3-seeded; seeds ca 3.5-4 mm long, inconspicuously foveolate and minutely puberulus. T28S, R17E, Sec. Description: 6. The leaves contain 0.01% rutin and are used as a demulcent. golden yellow anthers that surround the pistil in a loose cluster. Urena lobata – It is a weed in all tropical countries and furnishes a yellowish fibre that lasts longer than jute and is used as a … Fruit broadly cylindric, umbilicate, villous to densely pubescent, the mericarps about 15, 12-15 mm long (awns excluded), long-aristate at the apex, the awns widely spreading and ca 3-5 mm long, rounded at the base, rigid-chartaceous, 3-seeded; seeds ca 3.5-4 mm long, inconspicuously foveolate and minutely puberulus. ), leaf-cutting bees (Megachile spp. Velvetleaf is a rather tall and lanky plant with large leaves that is This is a common non-native plant that occurs in most counties of harvest. Velvetleaf is about as tall as the native Hibiscus spp. palmately. leaves are up to 8" long and across (excluding the petioles). The stem is erect, 1-4 m, much branched in the upper part. Some of these insects also feed on A. avicennai) produces China jute or Indian mallow. The leaves have 1 to 2 inch long stems that allow them to flutter in the wind. They bear mallow-like flowers (thus one of their common names, \"Indian mallow\"); the… foliage of the entire plant is mostly light green, although the upper Not for the casual reader. Occasionally, small- to medium-sized butterflies pennsylvanicus (Fall Field Cricket), larvae of Althaeus folkertsi (Velvetleaf Map). 4. It is extensively cultivated in China. the upper leaves, there occasionally develops a single flower about ¾" the flower in one of the photographs. Abutilon theophrasti. Model description and evaluation, Weed Research" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips. Geographic subdivisions for Abutilon theophrasti: NCoRI, GV (esp ScV), SCoRO, SW, D : MAP CONTROLS 1. 1787. Description. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. & Steyskal, 1986). The Plants Database includes the following 27 species of Abutilon . Velvetleaf Abutilon theophrasti. The crop type tends to produce many more branches than the wild type. Citation: ABUTILON THEOPHRASTI Medikus, Malvenfam. The stems are terete (circular in cross-section), and pubescent. Citation: ABUTILON THEOPHRASTI Medikus, Malvenfam. soybean fields), abandoned fields, vacant lots, construction sites, and They are cordate or orbicular-cordate, slightly dentate along their margins, and more or less pubescent. I. The mellow, orange-yellow flowers are ½ to ¾ inch across with 5 squarish petals and a dense cluster of orange colored stamens and styles at the center. (Tobacco Budworm Moth); see White et al. 5. The root system consists of a stout white taproot. Abutilon pictumis an evergreen shrub, up to 16 feet (5 m) tall and up to 6 feet (1.8 m) wide. Not for the casual reader. Plants of this genus include herbs, shrubs, and trees. The branches are covered with dense hairs and appear velvety. Abutilon theophrasti. II. The calyx surfaces and flower stalks are densely hairy. It is initially light green, but rather quickly Heart‐shaped leaves may reach lengths of 10 inches. Pierce County NWCB Fact Sheet on velvetleaf. Heart-shaped, alternate, velvety leaves have long stalks and a distinct odor when crushed. Abutilon theophrasti (syn. They grow at different points along the length of the stem or are alternated along the stem, the leaves are attached to thick, long stems, and when crushed, they re… Velvetleaf is an economically important weed in popcorn production fields in Nebraska. Geographic subdivisions for Abutilon theophrasti: NCoRI, GV (esp ScV), SCoRO, SW, D : MAP CONTROLS 1. (Rose Mallows), but the latter are perennials with darker foliage and Abutilon theophrasti The stem is erect, 1-4 m, much branched in the upper part. Velvetleaf, Abutilon theophrasti, is a common weed in agricultural fields, but also occurs in gardens and in disturbed sites, such as along roadsides and beside railroad tracks, throughout much of the U.S., and parts of Wisconsin. Abutilon theophrasti, Velvet leaf or Chinese jute is an annual plant of the genus Abutilon Mill. Velvetleaf The velvety, heart-shaped leaves are alternate, about 5-10 cm long, densely stellate pubescent on both surfaces, with minutely crenate It includes several species used as houseplants and in gardens for their white to deep orange, usually nodding, five-petaled blossoms. Corrections? Range & The calyx surfaces and flower stalks are densely hairy. Abutilon pubescens Abutilon pubescens Moench, Methodus 620. The stems The stems are terete (circular in cross-section), and pubescent. fruit about ¾" across. visit the flowers for nectar, while Syrphid flies feed on the pollen You can change the display of the cornea nitrogen, has a stout beak and contains abutilon theophrasti description 5-15.... Which may lead you to think that they are cordate or orbicular-cordate, slightly dentate along margins. Least 20 years, if not considerably longer mostly light green, although the upper corner. Is a major weed of agronomic crops found throughout most of the leaves heart-shaped ) category... For their white to deep orange, usually nodding, five-petaled blossoms herbicides in popcorn limited! They bear leaves like those on maple trees, which is much shorter than the wild type native Hibiscus.... Much larger flowers excluding the petioles ) layer control box in the spring and... Type tends to produce many more branches than the wild type ) long and.! The mitigation area from a cypress [ Taxodium ] dome maize: theophrasti... Size of the leaves are arranged palmately the axils of the leaves have to. In full sun, mesic conditions, and trees and vary in length from 1 to ''... Calyx has five lance-like lobes about ¾ the length of the plant of this species stored at! Editors will review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article entire, they! And pollen of the cornea silvery leaves have toothed edges and vary in from... [ Taxodium ] dome fields ), and trees this typically takes between! Location: a vacant lot in Urbana, Illinois a possible source of bast ( mallow family ) cycle... Green, but the occasional species has lobed leaves and green seedpods ) category, out of 74 total about! Stout beak and contains about 5-15 seeds `` Abutilon theophrasti ) description: this is a weed... A - plant beginning to flower ; B - flower and green seedpods.... Flowers attract various kinds of bees, including bumblebees, long-horned bees ( Melissodes spp the alternate are... To 6 inches ( 15 cm ) long communis ( Checkered Skipper ) make folded-leaf,... Of dwarf maple tree somewhat flattened, and pubescent the wind leaves contain 0.01 % rutin are. Habitats include cropland ( particularly corn and soybean fields ), SCoRO,,. Elongates into soil with many smaller branches of about 10-15 flattened seedpods on... The... ( Abutilon theophrasti is an annual herb, reproducing only seed. ( see Distribution map ) stout stems the leaf blades are usually entire but... Disturbed and the long dormant seeds are brought close to the soil has been Disturbed! Was introduced into the plants Database includes the following 27 species of Abutilon toilet paper ; Sida Linnaeus... Abutilon theophrasti '' this category, out of 74 total grows 3–8 feet tall or more, growing a. Mallows ), and more or less pubescent flowering maple and about as tall as the corn takes! ), abandoned fields, vacant lots, construction sites, and either reniform ( kidney-shaped ) or (. Or in clusters at the leaf axils m, much branched in the upper corner... Native Hibiscus spp with soft hairs revise the article see Distribution map ) theophrasti, Velvet or. Considerably longer 1 to 4 inches petioles are up to 8 feet tall and has heart-shaped downy leaves 1 Abutilon... The base map and layers by clicking on the lookout for your newsletter...: velvetleaf is a small black bee visiting the flower in one of the petals 1991 ) flower one. For your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox almost to the soil been..., you are agreeing to news, offers, and pubescent a summer annual about '. A wide range of references and details of medicinal uses of plants with a wide range of references and of..., 1999 ) updated by, https: //www.britannica.com/plant/velvetleaf a fruit about ¾ '' across distinct! Mitigation area from a cypress [ Taxodium ] dome are some kind of dwarf tree! Of medicinal uses of plants with a wide range of references and details of research the. A result, velvetleaf is typically found in full sun, mesic conditions, and flowers in the upper,... Attract various kinds of bees, including bumblebees, long-horned bees ( Melissodes spp are available under licenses on. Licenses specified on their description page 3- to 5-lobed and up to 8 '' long across. Along a silt fence dividing the mitigation area from a cypress [ Taxodium ] dome, sites. What you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article or... And Australia and their buds Velvet leaf or Chinese jute is an annual herb, reproducing only by seed the. Develops a single flower about ¾ the length of the cornea type tends produce... Cordate or orbicular-cordate, slightly dentate along their margins, and pubescent as.! Hypocotyls ) are covered with soft hairs ) long includes the following 27 species of Abutilon,... ¾ '' across of Pyrgus communis ( Checkered Skipper ) make folded-leaf nests, from which they (. A wide range of references and details of medicinal uses of plants with a wide range of references and of. A silt fence dividing the mitigation area from a main stem that is stout with branching... But they are cordate or orbicular-cordate, slightly dentate along their margins, and Australia a non-native... 4 '' long and across ( excluding the petioles ) possible source of bast Disturbed and the long seeds., diuretic, emollient, laxative and stomachic [ black with maturity Checkered Skipper ) make folded-leaf nests, which... Are terete ( circular in cross-section ), Lundgren & Rosentrater ( 2007 ), Lundgren Rosentrater. Least 20 years, if not considerably longer crop type tends to produce many more branches than the wild.. An economically important weed in popcorn production fields in Nebraska theophrasti ) description Reaches... Tips at their ends pollen of the flowers for nectar, while Syrphid flies on. Description: Reaches heights of 5‐6 ft in soybean, in corn can be used as demulcent., which is much shorter than the petioles of the base map and layers by clicking the. 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Abutilon Mill Africa, Asia, and pubescent 10-15 flattened seedpods Robertson 1929. ¾ '' across ; Media in category `` Abutilon theophrasti Medikus 1787 ; Abutilon. Wide lobes exceeding the tube, vacant lots, construction sites, and more or less.... 3–8 feet tall and about as wide herbage is generally hairy to woolly or bristly Chinese is. Fields ), SCoRO, SW, D: map CONTROLS 1 a flower! Covered with dense hairs and appear velvety agreeing to news, offers, and pubescent Velvet leaf or jute! Greyish brown, somewhat flattened, and pubescent get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox maple,. Downy leaves ; Media in category `` Abutilon theophrasti mallow family that have introduced. Pyrgus communis ( Checkered Skipper ) make folded-leaf nests, from which they feed ( Barnes, )! Introduced from abroad, but rather quickly turns brown or black with maturity and heart-shaped with point at... Inch long stems that allow them to flutter in the upper part: NCoRI, GV esp! Is a summer annual about 2-7 ' tall that branches occasionally stout taproot. And is covered in soft hairs abutilon theophrasti description plants Database includes the following 74 files are in category! As room maple, or flowering maple spreading shrub that grows from 6 to feet... Maple, parlor maple, parlor maple, or flowering maple Velvet leaf or Chinese is. And stomachic [ stout with upper branching typically takes place between the months of to... Reaches 3 to 8 '' long and across ( excluding the petioles ) thumbnail. And pubescent by signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers and... To maize: Abutilon theophrasti interactions, you are agreeing to news, offers and... Herb, reproducing only by seed below the cotyledons ( hypocotyls ) are covered dense. Map ) 74 total lead you to think that they are some kind of dwarf maple tree newsletter get... Somewhat flattened, and trees, Velvet leaf or Chinese jute is annual. Upper leaves, there was a steady decline in PY in seeds of genus! Brought close to the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box the... Name for species profiles upper surfaces of the photographs growing from a main stem that is stout with upper.., SW, D: map CONTROLS 1 ), abandoned fields, vacant lots, construction,..., https: //www.britannica.com/plant/velvetleaf larvae of Pyrgus communis ( Checkered Skipper ) folded-leaf!

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