Study Hebrews 12:1-11. But God blessed Sarah with a son anyway. 7 By faith, Noah, being warned about things not yet seen, moved with godly fear, prepared a ship for the saving of his house, through which he condemned the world, and became heir of the righteousness which is according to faith. Commentary on Abraham/Sarah (13-16) I. 3By faith, we understand that the universe has been framed by the word of God, so that what is seen has not been made out of things which are visible. Hebrews 11:21. Charles Hoffacker On the whole, the Bible is not taken up with providing definitions in the way that a dictionary does. The subject is the growing process of living by faith. 4 By faith Abel offered God a better sacrifice than Cain did. Hebrews 11:8 By faith Abraham, when he was called, obeyed by going out to a place which he was to receive for an inheritance; and he went out, not knowing where he was going. Sarah and Abraham were no longer spring chickens. This image of Jesus is a striking shift from the descriptions of the divine, … Continue reading "Commentary on Hebrews 2:14-18" They were looking for another city, the city with foundations not made with hands, “whose architect and builder is God” (Hebrews 11:10). Holladay, Carl R., Preaching Through the Christian Year C (Valley Forge, Trinity Press, 1994). They had become dull of hearing. 8 By faith i Abraham obeyed when he was called to go out to the place which he would receive as an inheritance. By faith, we believe in a God-created universe—created by God’s word. Biblical Commentary (Bible Study) Hebrews 11:1-3, 8-16 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Hebrews 11 is the great faith chapter of the Bible, first defining faith (v. 1) and then using well-known Hebrew people to show faith in action. • Jesus is not ashamed to call faithful people brothers and sisters. 8 By faith Abraham, when he was called, obeyed to go out unto a place which he was to receive for an inheritance; and he went out, not knowing whither he went. Commentary on Hebrews 11:20-31 (Read Hebrews 11:20-31) Isaac blessed Jacob and Esau, concerning things to come. “By faith, he lived as an alien in the land of promise, as in a land not his own” (v. 9a). “dwelling in tents, with Isaac and Jacob, the heirs with him of the same promise” (v. 9b). (1-2a) Jesus brought a revelation superior to the prophets of old. The Word Biblical Commentary delivers the best in biblical scholarship, from the leading scholars of our day who share a commitment to Scripture as divine revelation. 216 This is differently connected by Calvin, his version is “by faith Abraham, when he was called, obeyed, so that he went forth,” etc. “so that what is seen has not been made out of things which are visible” (v. 3b). 4 By faith, Abel offered to God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain, through which he had testimony given to him that he was righteous, God testifying with respect to his gifts; and through it he, being dead, still speaks. For I have borne him a son in his old age” (Genesis 21:6-7). A list of the best commentaries on Hebrews ranked by scholars, journal reviews, and site users. In 5:10, he says that Jesus is a priest in the order of Melchizedek, and then Hebrews 5:11 says: Hebrews 5:11. In each instance, it was the word of God that initiated the creative process. They would inhabit the Promised Land for many centuries before rebelling against Rome and losing everything. That was not their final destination. Scripture: Hebrews 11:8-16. In this verse a better translation would be ancestors, because the author will go on to speak of Abraham and other luminaries from ancient Israel’s history. If you are only going to buy one commentary on the letter to the Hebrews, William L Lane's two-volume commentary is probably the one to buy. The word presbyteros is where we get our word Presbyterian. If Abraham and Sarah had felt a tug on their hearts to return to Haran, they could have done so. (NASB: Lockman)Greek: Pistei kaloumenos Abraam upekousen exelthein eis topon on emellen lambanein eis kleronomian, kai exelthen (3SAAI) me epistamenos pou erchetai. The hymn writer, Henry Francis Lyte put it like this (in F. F. Bruce, Commentary on the Epistle to the Hebrews [Eerdmans], p. 306): It is not for me to be seeking my bliss And building my hopes in a region like this; I look for a city which hands have not piled, I … Jews have flocked to Israel from all the world, because their desire for a homeland has been so compelling. Hebrews 11 1 Now faith is being sure of what we hope for and certain of what we do not see. 11By faith, even Sarah herself received power to conceive, and she bore a child when she was past age, since she counted him faithful who had promised. And he went out, not knowing where he was going. Hebrews Studies By Chapter. By faith, others believe in a far-distant cosmic event? A resource for the whole church from Luther Seminary. There is another summary in Verse 36: Others suffered mocking and scourging, and even chains and imprisonment. But that grounding also orients us toward the future and gives us courage to move forward, launching out into the unknown. How can we resolve the conflict between faith and science? We need to hold fast to the promises of God and to move forward into the future which is God’s. But they did more than hold fast to this promise. They were far from perfect, but God chooses to remember their faith rather than their sins. Cf. Favoriting is a great way to keep a list of sermons, programs, and ministry resources in your account. Death will be no more; He praises them. Those who hunger for the truth of His inspired Word will be helped and encouraged by the insights this commentary offers in … But what is faith? We, too, are seeking a country of our own—a heavenly country. The Triumphs of Faith. Even when we lack faith—God stands ready to bless us. This item: Hebrews 1-8, Volume 47A (47) (Word Biblical Commentary) by William L. Lane Hardcover $37.10 Only 11 left in stock (more on the way). 1 Now faith is assurance (Greek: hupostasis) of things hoped for, proof (Greek: elegchos) of things not seen. Those who believe in God sometimes speak of creation ex nihilo—creation out of nothing. It is the most comprehensive, and it contains the highest number of insights into the text. Even when they arrived in the promised land of Canaan, they lived like strangers in a foreign country, in tents, always ready to pack up and move. “People get ready, There’s a train a comin’. Science can take us back only so far. Read . Jesus Christ Is Greater than Moses. We live under the promise that, if we have faith even as small as a mustard seed, we can move mountains—and that nothing will be impossible for us (Matthew 17:20-21). BOX 1822 FALLBROOK, CALIFORNIA92088-1822 ciy k “For by this, the elders (Greek: presbyteros) obtained testimony” (Greek: martureo) (v. 2). Lot chose the plain of Jordan, so Abram stayed in Canaan (Genesis 13:6-12). “has been framed by the word of God” (v. 3a). Whether we choose to believe in the teachings of science or scripture (or both), the why is knowable only by faith. Hebrews Commentary James Rosscup - This dispensationally oriented work is not verse-by-verse, but deals with the exposition on a broader scale, treating blocks of thought within the chapters. He is pleased to be known as their God. But how can we know that? Stars and sand, therefore, represent abundance beyond measure. Hebrews 11:5-8 clearly teaches that God chooses to bless with rewards those who by faith choose to cooperate with Him in His spiritual creation. But we accept it by faith—faith in God and faith in God-inspired scripture. The subject is not "saving faith" or how do I become a Christian. However, they multiplied during their four centuries in Egypt—in spite of Pharaoh’s attempts to prevent that. It was God’s call to Abram (and Abram’s obedience to that call) that made him and Sarah the beginning of the chosen people. And he went out, not knowing where he was going. I have sometimes referred to Hebrews as a good slogan book. Beza renders the verb by a gerund, “abiendo,” by departing. Sheep sever grass close to the ground, and have a reputation (whether deserved or not, I cannot determine) for being hard on pasture lands. 9 By faith he went to live in s the land of promise, as in a foreign land, t living in tents u with Isaac and Jacob, heirs with him of the same promise. "So we need both dimensions of faithfulness. Biblical Commentary (Bible Study) Hebrews 4:12-16 EXEGESIS: THE BROAD CONTEXT: The author identified neither himself nor the people to whom he was writing. Faith is never something merely for the future, but faith says that if we invest in that future which God offers us, we shall gain both the future and the present. In the next chapter, he will talk about “the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem” (12:22). “But now they desire a better country, that is, a heavenly one” (v. 16a). For believers that reality, though only a matter of hope today, is so real that they can almost reach out and touch it. God had promised Sarah and Abraham countless descendants and a land that God would reveal to them. He was looking beyond it to the promise of heaven. “If indeed they had been thinking of that country from which they went out, they would have had enough time to return” (v. 15). 3 Remember those in prison as if you were their fellow prisoners, and those who are mistreated as if you yourselves were suffering. Martureo actually means witness or to bear witness, but it came to mean martyr because those who bear witness to Christ often pay a high price for their faithfulness. By faith he made his home in the promised land like a stranger in a foreign country; he live... Read verse in New International Version neither will there be mourning, nor crying, nor pain, any more. Ships from and sold by Amazon.com. 10 For he looked for the city which has the foundations, whose builder and maker is God. They came to the foot of the mountain, Mount Isaac and Jacob became heirs of the promise that God had made to Abraham in Genesis 12. The author directly states that this idea is the primary reason for all he has written so far. Commentary on Genesis 15:1-6. He took with him “Sarai his wife (Sarai was Sarah’s original name), Lot his brother’s son, all their substance that they had gathered, and the souls whom they had gotten in Haran” (Genesis 12:5). At this point, there was something—something had come into being by a prior step—by God’s creative power. But that conflict is more imagined than real. But their vision of living in their own land would continue, and would finally be realized a second time in 1948, when Israel was established as a nation. That is why their son’s name would be Isaac, “Laughter.” His name marked God’s joy in upending human expectations, a contagious joy they remembered every time that they called out “Laughter, you stop that right this minute” or “Laughter, it’s time for dinner” or “Laughter, your mother and I need to have a talk with you.”. Though the grace of faith is of use always through our whole lives, it is especially so when we come to die. Through faith also Sarah herself Some copies add "being barren"; and so read the Vulgate Latin, and all the Oriental versions; which is a circumstance which makes her faith appear the greater: but it is a question whether the apostle speaks of the faith of Sarah, or of Abraham; some think he speaks of Abraham's faith; and that it was through his faith that Sarah … You can find the best commentary on Hebrews for you using the tools on the right side. The power of the example of Sarah and Abraham is that their lives joined these two dimensions. CHRISTOCENTRIC COMMENTARY SERIES A COMMENTARY ON THE EPISTLE TO THE HEBREWS JESUS– Better Than Everything James A. Fowler PUBLISHING P.O. They will say, “But we are seeing further and further into the past as our telescopes improve, and we believe that we will one day see the beginning”—a statement bathed in faith—immersed in faith. Everyone who hears will laugh with me…. Hebrews 11:1–3; Hebrews 11:8–16. We need to know of loyalty and endurance that persevere even when the path is rough and long. For Abram to respond to God’s call without reservation was truly a wondrous exercise of faith. For believers, faith leads to certainty of things not yet seen. But Abram didn’t cut every tie with Haran, his homeland. The one most appropriate here is not assurance, but reality. Abraham bought the cave and the surrounding field, and buried Sarah there. Perhaps Abraham could still father a child, but Sarah knew her child-bearing days were many, many years in the past. Keith Simons. May their faithfulness shine forth as an example for us that we too may prove faithful. Hebrews 11:1-3, 8-16 Put Your Hand in the Hand of God The Rev. See ... To learn about the individual characters in Hebrews 11:18-39, please see our character studies on these and other heroes of the faith. However, dwelling in tents is a less settled proposition than dwelling in more permanent houses. God promised Abram, “I will give this land to your seed” (Genesis 12:7). As typical happens, the commentary has expanded from Hewitt’s commentary was 217 pages and Guthrie’s 281 pages to 332 pages in this 2020 commentary. Sign In. That was a great step of faith, because one’s security in those days was rooted in one’s parents and extended family. Note that God promised the land, not to Abram, but to his seed—his descendants. To know fully what faithfulness is, we must remember the stories. Adam Clarke Commentary. Hebrews is the only New Testament book to depict Jesus as a high priest. 11 Now faith is the assurance of things hoped for, the conviction of e things not seen. The World English Bible is based on the American Standard Version (ASV) of the Bible, the Biblia Hebraica Stutgartensa Old Testament, and the Greek Majority Text New Testament. First, faithfulness is holding fast to the promises of God. When I say that these three were less seminal than Abraham, I am referring to the fact that Abraham was the father or Israel, the chosen people of God. Isaac was Abraham’s son by Sarah (Genesis 21), and Jacob was Isaac’s son by Rebekah (Genesis 25:19-26). Barclay, William, Daily Study Bible: Hebrews (Edinburgh: The Saint Andrew Press, 1976), Bruce, F.F. 12 (Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1998), Evans, Louis H., Jr., The Preacher’s Commentary: Hebrews (Nashville: Thomas Nelson Publishers, 1985), Gagnon, Robert A. J., in Van Harn, Roger E. Others have concluded that the passage addresses neither observance nor nonobservance of the Sabbath. Darkness was on the surface of the deep” (Genesis 1:2). Sarah and Abraham knew that the promise of God is also a call, and so they lived out the second dimension of faithfulness, that of moving forward. She had a son in her old age anyway. 15 If indeed they had been thinking of that country from which they went out, they would have had enough time to return. I have already seen some of his handiwork, and am looking forward to seeing the rest. A Bible Study in EasyEnglish (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of Hebrews. Its cultic mysteries keep it at arm’s length for many a preacher, but its rhetorical eloquence makes it eminently quotable. 3 By faith we understand that the universe was created by f the word of God, so that what is seen was not made out of g things that are visible. CHAPTER 11 *. The words here quoted are taken from Psalm 45:6, Psalm 45:7, which the ancient Chaldee paraphrast, and the most intelligent rabbins, refer to the Messiah. God has borne witness to the faith of Abraham and these other ancient people of faith, and has commended them. 47b (Dallas: Word Books, 1991), Long, Thomas G., Interpretation: Hebrews (Louisville: John Knox Press, 1997), MacArthur, John, Jr., The MacArthur New Testament Commentary: Hebrews (Chicago: The Moody Bible Institute of Chicago, 1983), McKnight, Edgar V., Smyth & Helwys Bible Commentary: Hebrew-James (Macon, Georgia: Smyth & Helwys Publishing, Inc., 2004), O’Brien, Peter T., Pillar New Testament Commentary: The Letter to the Hebrews (Wm. Hebrews 1 – A Superior Savior A. Jesus, the superior Savior. Hebrews 11:8-16 New International Version (NIV). “These all died in faith, not having received the promises, but having seen them and embraced them from afar, and having confessed that they were strangers and pilgrims on the earth” (v. 13). Otherwise, none of us would have a chance. But in another way, it was more threatening, because Abram became responsible for the care and feeding of a number of people, some of whom would undoubtedly become contentious as they became road-weary. And I can’t feel at home in this world any more.”. Therefore God is not ashamed of them, to be called their God, for he has prepared a city for them. Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever - If this be said of the Son of God, i.e. The angels beckon me through heaven’s open door, They show us that faithfulness requires both holding fast and moving forward. Hebrews 11:8-16. Every once in a while, I am tempted to add a verse or two at the beginning or end of the lectionary reading to fill out its literary context. 8 By faith q Abraham obeyed when he was called to go out to a place r that he was to receive as an inheritance. 2 n And I will make of you a great nation, and I will bless you and make your name great, so that you will be a blessing. The journey was part of their obedience, but Canaan was not their home. 1 Now faith is the assurance (title deed, confirmation) of things hoped for (divinely guaranteed), and the evidence of things not seen [the conviction of their reality—faith comprehends as fact what cannot be experienced by the physical senses]. Register! 1:1 In the past God spoke to our forefathers through the prophets at many times and in various ways, 2 but in these last days he has spoken to us by his Son, whom he appointed heir of all things, and through whom he made the universe. God promised the land of Canaan to Abraham’s descendants (Gen. 17:8) and He later gave them that land (Josh. a. Within the material … God’s command to Abram (Abraham’s original name) was “Get out of your country, and from your relatives, and from your father’s house, to the land that I will show you” (Genesis 12:1). He and Lot “had flocks, and herds, and tents (so that) the land was not able to bear them—that they might live together” (Genesis 13:5-6). By faith Jacob, when he was a dying Which was the usual time of blessing with the patriarchs; and the reason of it was, that what was said might be more attended to and regarded, and more strongly impressed upon the mind; and this is a proof that it was done in faith by Jacob, when there was no appearance of the fulfilment of these things, and it was not likely … Because of faith, our hope is no flimsy dreaming; it has substance and reality. 23:13-14). 2 Do not forget to entertain strangers, for by so doing some people have entertained angels without knowing it. Faith provides a ground to which we may hold fast. However, a better translation would be proof or certainty. We like to camp. Hebrews: Bible Study and Commentary. 8 By faith Abraham, when called to go to a place he would later receive as his inheritance, obeyed and went, even though he did not know where he was going. 23:13-14). Looking over the readings for this coming Sunday and the subject of faith jumps out from the Hebrews reading (Hebrews 11:1-16) which begs questions about doubt. We need to hold fast to the promises of God and to move forward into the future which is God's." Lane, William L., Word Biblical Commentary: Hebrews 9-13, Vol. The Greek word hupostasis has various meanings. Can’t you hear them say, “Are we almost there?” Abram couldn’t answer that question, because God had not told him where he was going—only that he should start the journey. 1 Hebrews 1 15 Hebrews 2 31 Hebrews 3 47 Hebrews 4:1–5:10 71 Hebrews 5:11–6:20 91 Hebrews 7 111 Hebrews 8 125 Hebrews 9 147 Hebrews 10 175 Hebrews 11 203 Hebrews 12 229 Hebrews 13 249 Bibliography 251 Index This contrasts with “the city of my God, the new Jerusalem, which comes down out of heaven from my God” (Revelation 3:12). Hebrews 11:11. and they will be his people, Emphasis Preaching Journal. We are surprised to read that Sarah counted God as faithful. Discover practical insights into the Book of Hebrews. …Is anything too hard for Yahweh?” Sarah was afraid and said, “I didn’t laugh.” But God said, “No, but you did laugh” (Genesis 18:1-15). “By faith, we understand that the universe (Greek: aionas—ages) has been framed by the word of God” (v. 3a). The book of Revelation fleshes out that idea more fully. Hebrews 11:8-16 Delivered 11/18/2001. We are not that fond of tents, and we travel with lots of baggage. Hebrews 4:1-11 has been used, on one hand, to support the observance of the Sabbath commandment by Christians; and on the other hand, as evidence for the rejection of a literal obedience to the commandment. • Paul says, “Give diligence to present yourself approved by God, a workman who doesn’t need to be ashamed, properly handling the Word of Truth” (2 Timothy 2:15). But Jesus’ opposition was centered in Jerusalem, and he was crucified there. He went out, not knowing where he went” (v. 8). It will be thrown down by violence (Revelation 18:19). Commentary on Hebrews 8:7-13 (Read Hebrews 8:7-13) The superior excellence of the priesthood of Christ, above that of Aaron, is shown from that covenant of grace, of which Christ was Mediator. The eleventh chapter of Hebrews is one of the best known of the great chapters of the Bible. How can we know that the universe was God-created instead of being just the result of some sort of naturally appearing cosmic event? They knew that faithfulness is a form of courage that launches out into the unknown, moving into the future with God, knowing the future is God’s. (ed. Sarah overheard that conversation, and responded by laughing. They lived in tents because they were not ultimately called to the land of Canaan. “proof (elegchos) of things not seen” (v. 1b). We make a mistake when we insist on an either-or decision—either faith in science or faith in God. If heaven’s not my home, then Lord what will I do? They did not receive that promise in their lifetime. But we have heard Jesus’ promise that we are as powerful as a tiny mustard seed and the bit of leaven that leavens the whole loaf (Matthew 13:31-33). Genesis 12:1–7; Genesis 15:1–6; Hebrews 11:8–16. Would God give these wanderers from Ur descendants as numerous as stars in the sky and as countless as the grains of sand on the seashore (Hebrews 11:12)? He died, having known only a few of his progeny. To understand the divine promises to Abraham here in Genesis 15, it is helpful to step back and look at what has been happening in Genesis up to this point. He was not deceived by the glitter of the Egyptian court and the security of worldly safety” (Zondervan NIV Bible Commentary, note on Hebrews 11:26). How many grains of sand are there on the world’s sea shores? The New International Commentary on the New Testament: The Epistle to the Hebrews(Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1990), Cockerill, Gareth Lee, The New International Commentary on the New Testament: The Epistle to the Hebrews (Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 2012), Gaventa, Beverly R. in Cousar, Charles B.; Gaventa, Beverly R.; McCann, J. Clinton; and Newsome, James D., Texts for Preaching: A Lectionary Commentary Based on the NRSV – Year C (Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 1994), Craddock, Fred, The New Interpreter’s Bible, Vol. ()Amplified: [Urged on] by faith … God, who at various times and in various ways spoke in time past to the fathers by the prophets, has in these last days spoken to us by His Son,. All you need is faith to hear the diesels hummin’. “By faith, even Sarah herself received power to conceive, and she bore a child when she was past age, since she counted him faithful who had promised” (v. 11). In Hebrews 5, the author is trying to explain how Jesus is better than the Levitical priesthood of Judaism. Most importantly When Sarah finally died, Abraham had to ask the local people for a tomb to bury her, and she was buried in the cave of Machpelah (Genesis 23:3-20). Later, Abraham, Isaac, Rebekah, Leah, and Jacob were also buried there (Genesis 25:9; 49:29-31; 50:13). “Therefore as many as the stars of the sky in multitude, and as innumerable as the sand which is by the sea shore, were fathered by one man, and him as good as dead” (v. 12). Gospel. Hebrews 11 is the great faith chapter of the Bible, first defining faith (v. 1) and then using well-known Hebrew people to show faith in action. It seems strange so few commentaries written from a Torah-perspective have been forthcoming from the pool of Messianic teachers in our time. Evangelical Christianity often struggles with the words of James 2 when he declares things like "faith without works is dead," and "Abraham was justified by works." Actions Speak Louder Than Words Contributed by Ian Hyde on Mar 29, 2020 | 2,409 views. But both promises were “things not seen” (Hebrews 11:1). “Therefore God is not ashamed of them, to be called their God” (v. 16b). Denomination: Baptist. So we need both dimensions of faithfulness. 5 By faith, Enoch was taken away, so that he wouldn’t see death, and he was not found, because God translated him. 13 These all died in faith, not having received the promises, but having seen them and embraced them from afar, and having confessed that they were strangers and pilgrims on the earth. That promise was equally impossible, for these two were wanderers, pilgrims who set out not knowing their destination. Between the Exodus and the writing of this book, a dozen centuries passed and Jews had spread throughout the then-known world. The second dimension of faith is that it moves us forward. We live as strangers and pilgrims in that desert land. This series emphasizes a thorough analysis of textual, linguistic, structural, and theological evidence. 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